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I have installed Ubuntu 10.04 on a gumstix overo using a collection of instructions found online. A summary of the instructions is below for convenience. This is my first attempt and there are a few issues that I am going to try to resolve.
I used an ubuntu 10.04 desktop machine as my working environment for these instructions.
1. Install rootstock: ‘sudo apt-get install rootstock’
Rootstock is a utility used to make a rootFS for a port
2. make rootfs using rootstock. This may take several hours
I used the following command but doing ‘man rootstock’ will give you a list of advanced commands
I set my distribution with -d to lucid because I wanted ubuntu 10.04
the openssh-server will allow you to connect your gumstix to the internet and ssh in
‘sudo rootstock -f “Gumstix” -l “gumstix” -p “overo” -n “Gumstix Overo
Ubuntu” -s lxde,gdm,openssh-server,x11vnc -t “America/Vancouver” –serial ttyS2 -d lucid –locale en_US.UTF-8’
Note 1: the user gumstix and password overo do not work because the user does not get created properly. More on how to deal with that later
Note 2: my rootstock command threw a segfault near the end but still made the image. Everything appears to be working fine so far but I am going to try to figure out how to stop it from doing that
Note 3: the lxde,gdm is good for a minimal install for use on a small device with limited power and storage space. Good for a headless system.
Link for more info on making a rootfs
3. Get MLO and u-boot from this link
4. Get your kernel u-image This kernel is based on the 2.6.34 kernel. Newer and older kernels should work but you will have to find modules for that kernel. (see step 8 )
5. Format your microSD card as per usual
6. put MLO, u-boot, u-image on microSD card boot partition
7. extract generated rootfs to second partition
8. Download and extract modules and copy them to second partition (where you extracted the rootfs)
9. On the second partition open the /etc/shadow file. ‘sudo gedit /path/to/second/partition/etc/shadow’
Delete the ‘*’ for the root entry. This will allow you to login as root and create a user.
Note: remember to put the ‘*’ back after you have created a user so someone can’t login as root and screw up your system
10. open the ‘
add the following code to the bottom
You can now unmount the microSD card, place it in the gumstix and boot to it.
Login using serial console using the gumstix instructions in the link below or you can plug an ethernet card in and ssh in
11. login as root and then create a user for yourself and give yourself sudo
sudo adduser youruser
sudo adduser youruser sudo
sudo apt-get install nano
add the ‘*’ back in that we removed earlier
log out as root
12. log in as your user
open the /etc/apt/sources.list file
add the following lines if they are not present
deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports lucid-updates main
deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports lucid-security main
then close the file
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
13. Have fun
email me at email@example.com if you have any problems or have something you want to add that other people should know